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  • 6363308040
  • 1926

Forests of Karnataka are primarily deciduous and evergreen. Deciduous forests have preponderance of deciduous trees, whereas evergreen forests are dominated by evergreen trees. Deciduous trees completely shed their leaves for some time during the year; they have a distinct period of leaf lessness ranging from a few days to a few months. In tropical deciduous forests, leaf fall is primarily determined by reduction of water availability in the soil. Evergreen trees also shed their leaves but not all at the same time; they do not become leafless during any part of the year. In the driest parts of Karnataka, as also in the highly degraded forests of the state, there is predominance of thorny species. Appearance of thorny elements is reflective of the nature’s adaptation to harsher conditions, where there is need for conservation of energy and water, besides warding off herbivorous intruders.

SHOLAS
EVER GREEN
MANGROOVES
MOIST DECIDIOUS
MYRISTICA SWAMPS(WET EVERGREEN FOREST)
DRY DECIDIOUS FOREST
Various Forest Types/Sub-Types found in Karnataka as per Champion & Seth Classification
Sl. No. TITLE OF FOREST TYPES FOREST TYPES
1 Southern tropical wet evergreen forest 1A/C4
2 Southern hill top tropical evergreen forest 1A/C3
3 Southern subtropical hill forest 8A/C1
4 South Indian subtropical hill savannah (woodland) 8A/DS1
5 Myristica swamps 4C/FS1
6 Cane brakes 1/E1, 2/E1
7 Wet Bamboo brakes 1/E2
8 Ochlandra reed brakes 8A/E1
9 Pioneer Euphorbiaceous scrub 1/2S1
10 Mangrove forest 4B/TS2
11 Southern tropical semi-evergreen forest 2A/C2
12 West coast secondary evergreen Dipterocarpus forest 2A/2S1
13 Lateritic semi-evergreen forest 2B/E4
14 Moist bamboo brakes 2B/E3
15 Southern tropical moist deciduous teak bearing forest 3B/C1
16 Very moist teak forest 3B/C1a
17 Moist teak forest 3B/C1b
18 Slightly moist teak forest 3B/C1c
19 Southern moist mixed deciduous forest 3B/C2
20 Southern secondary moist mixed deciduous forest 3B/C2/2S1
21 Riparian fringing forest 4E/RS1
22 Dry teak bearing forest 5A/C1
23 Very dry teak forest 5A/C1a
24 Dry Teak forest 5A/C1b
25 Southern dry mixed deciduous forest 5A/C3
26 Boswellia forest 5/E2
27 Hardwickia forest 5/E4
28 Dry bamboo brake 5/E9
29 Dry deciduous scrub 5/DS1
30 Dry savannah forest 5/DS2
31 Dry tropical riverain (fringing) forest 5/1S1
32 Secondary dry deciduous forest 5/2S1
33 Euphorbia scrub 5/DS3
34 Lateritic scrub forest 5/E7
35 Dry grass land 5/DS4
36 Southern thorn forest 6A/C1
37 Southern thorn scrub 6A/DS1
38 Southern Euphorbia scrub 6A/DS2