The Research and Utilization (R&U) wing of Karnataka Forest Department is responsible for carrying out research activities covering the entire state. The R&U wing comprises four Research Circles headed by Chief Conservator of Forests / three Conservators of Forests. Other than the above, there is one Deputy Conservator of Forests, (Social Forestry) Research, Bengaluru and one Assistant Conservator of Forests, Utilization, Bengaluru. All the above units of the Research and Utilization wing are headed by Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Research and Utilization, Doresanipalya campus, Bengaluru. ACTIVITIES The Research wing of Karnataka Forest Department carries out a number of tree improvement activities: • Plus trees (phenotypically superior trees i.e. trees with visible superior traits) of various economically and ecologically important tree species in different agro-climatic zones in the state have been identified for seed source as well as for mass multiplication through vegetative means. • Seed-Mother Trees of important species have been identified to obtain good quality seeds. • Clonal orchards for various species have been created for production of good quality seeds, conservation of superior germ-plasm and also for collection of material for vegetative propagation. The species include teak, tamarind, jackfruit, wood apple, seetaphal, Carissa carandas, nelli, bore, jamun, mango (Appemedi variety), honge, bevu, anjan, casuarina, eucalyptus, antawala, cashew, cane, sandal, garcinia, shivani, etc. • Seedling seed orchards have been established for a number of species such as jackfruit, nelli, tamarind, jamun, bela or wood apple, sandal, bevu, bore, seetaphal, seege, antawal, wate, saldhupa, hebbalsu, hippe, bage, bilwara, nagasampige, mohagany, tare, honne, tapasi, matthi, beete, ashoka, hebbevu, balangi, etc. These are orchards raised with seedlings obtained from seeds of ed phenotypically superior trees. • Germ-Plasm Banks of a number of species such as tamarind, bore, seetaphal, teak, cane, undimara (Calophyllum inophyllum), Marihal bamboo, honge, Faizabad nelli, shivani, etc. have been established by bringing the species from different parts of the country and from within the state. Germ-Plasm banks are established by multiplying phenotypically and genetically superior parents by vegetative methods. This is done to preserve the genetic base of the species. These clonal banks form valuable source of superior genetic material for future multiplication. • Seed Production Stands have been ed for a number of species with the object of collecting good quality seeds from identified climatic areas for use within the state and also to supply outside the state. Vegetative production methods like grafting, budding, air layering, cutting, etc. have been standardized for many economically important species and are being used for mass multiplication. • Provenance trials of species like eucalyptus, acacias, sandalwood, subabul, glyricidia, jackfruit, shivani (Gmelina arborea), seetaphal, nelli, etc. have been taken up in different locations of the state. • Progeny trials for teak, tamarind, wate (Artocarpus lakoocha), neem, kamara, catechu, Garcinia morella, etc. have been taken up in order to screen the Plus trees to get superior and ed germplasm for specific characters. Other activities of the Research wing include, species introduction trials, exotic species trials, establishment of medicinal plots/gardens, nursery research, bio-fertilizers, bio-diversity studies, impact studies, supply of certified seeds, vermi-composting, collaborative research, etc. The works of the Research wing are taken up under various plan and non-plan schemes of the Department including KFDF. A state sector plan scheme, namely, “Research-Major works” is exclusively implemented by the Research wing. For wide Publicity of the forests work carried out by scientists as well as research Forest officers. The research wing Publishes by ‘My Forest’ Journal and Silva’s News letter etc.