Conservation Reserves

Any area owned by the State Government, particularly in the vicinity of national parks or sanctuaries and those areas which link one protected area with another, can be notified by the Government, after having consultations with the local communities as a conservation reserve under the provisions of the Section 36A of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 for protecting landscapes, seascapes, flora, fauna and their habitat. Management of a conservation reserve is done as per provisions of the Section 36B of the Act.

explore our Conservation Reserves

Location & Extent
Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve

Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve (ABCR) is the first bird conservation reserve in the North Karnataka or Kalyan Karnataka region. It was declared as a Conservation Reserve for the protection and conservation of resident and migratory aquatic birds, under section 36-A of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. It is a temporary water body (tank bed) spread over an area of about 244.04 acre with good number of Karijali trees (Acacia nilotica), serving as a breeding and roosting ground for the water birds. Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve (ABCR) is a success story of how a once dry tank was converted into hotspot for nesting birds through the conservation efforts of the Karnataka Forest Department.

Location & Extent

Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve was notified vide Govt. Notification No. FEE 04 FWL 2017 dated 31.01.2017. It is located on the banks of Tungabhadra dam back water area (about a Kilometer distance). It spreads over an extent of 244.04 acres (98.76 Ha or 0.988 Sq.Km) in Sy.No.203 of Ankasamudra Village of Hagaribommanahalli (HB Halli) Taluk, Ballari District.


Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve is an important Protected area and only bird conservation reserve of Dry zone (Northern Karnataka), which inhabits both native and migratory bird species. This area was declared as Bird conservation reserve mainly to give protection to about 200 species of birds, so as to help them multiply to optimum level & reduce the threats for their conservation. The important birds visiting this CR includes Greater Flamingo, Painted Stork, Spotted Pelican, Comb Duck, Egrets, Cormorants, Ibis, Oriental Darter, Grebes, Spot-billed duck, and Whistling duck etc. Some birds are also coming from European countries during breeding season through migration and around 11 species of birds found here were listed in the IUCN Red List. Ankasamudra Bird conservation reserve area provides opportunity to protect and conserve the representative biodiversity of this landscape. Further, the Bird conservation reserve area provides huge scope for ensuring the water and livelihood security to the local people.


Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve, is located adjacent to the Tungabhadra dam back water area which is around 37,800 ha area that acts as a great attraction for the migratory birds. Since, it is a temporary lake/water body, the tank remains filled with water only when the Tungabhadra dam was full during monsoon season. During summer, this lake remains dry and recently, lift irrigation system was installed to pump the water from the Tungabhadra back water area. This Ankasamudra lake was surrounded by farming fields on one side and Tungabhadra backwater on other sides. Therefore, the entire landscape become one of the best habitast for both residents and migratory water birds.




Things to DoVIEW

Bird watching is the main attraction of this Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve.

How to reachVIEW

a. Can be reached from Hospet by road b. Can also reached from Ballari by road


a. Mornings and Evenings are the best time for visiting this bird conservation reserve. b. It can also be visited throughout the day during the breeding/roosting season. c. Best season for visiting this Bird Conservation Reserve id from October to March.


So far, no fees are being collected and it is being planes to start guided bird watching with the involvement of local people through Eco-Development Committee (EDC).




Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve area has semi-arid climate with dryness and hot weather prevailing in major part of the year. The area falls under Northern dry agro-climatic zone of Karnataka and is categorized as drought prone. The area has recorded average annual temperature of 26.7℃ and annual average precipitation of 630 mm.

Internet/Mobile ConnectivityVIEW

Mobile connectivity is available inside the Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve area.



Dos and Dont's VIEW


a. Always enter the Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve area with valid permission from the concerned authority. b. Observe silence while you are inside the Bird Conservation Reserve area. c. Throw all the waste, garbage and other unwanted things into a dust bin kept at various places. d. Follow the rules and regulations of the Bird Conservation Reserve. e. Report to concerned authority, if you observe any illegal activities with respect to birds, wildlife or conservation reserve.


a. Do not enter the Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve area without valid permission from the authority. b. Do not throw garbage, plastics and other waste items into the Bird Conservation Reserve area. c. Do not create noise or do not shout while you are inside the Bird Conservation Reserve area. d. Do not attend nature call inside the Bird Conservation Reserve area. e. Do not tease birds or any wild animal. f. Do not feed any birds or wild animal. g. Do not throw stone at birds. h. Do not smoke or drink alcohol inside the Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve area.