National park

Any area, whether within a sanctuary or not, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance can be notified as a national park under the provisions of the Section 35 of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 for the purpose of protecting, propagating or developing wildlife or its environment. The status of protection of a national park is higher than that of a sanctuary. All rights in respect of lands included in the national park are vested in the State Government.

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Introduction
Location & Extent
Significance
Landscape
Kudremukh National Park

Kudremukh National Park derives its name from the highest hill peak known as the Kudremukh Peak having an altitude of 1892 meters from the sea level. It is the queen of many fascinating hill peaks in Karnataka. The name of the peak, meaning horse-face, is deive of its appearance seawards, whence it was a well-known mark for navigators of yore. Such an appearance is hardly evident from anywhere on the land surface. It is a popular peak and its name has become an acronym for whatever important landmarks that springs up around this place. So are the names of Kudremukh town and the Kudremukh National Park born. This industrial-cum-mining township is now tucked into the national park.

Location & Extent

Kudremukh National Park is located at the tri-junction of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Chikmagalur districts of Karnataka. It falls approximately at the middle of mid-Western Ghats (the stretch between Goa and Nilgiris). It lies to the south-west of Karnataka state and is just 50 km from the west-coast between the 750 01’ to 750 25’ east longitude and 130 01’ to 130 29’ north latitude. The extent is 671.37 km2

Significance

Kudremukh National Park is a magnificent landscape of least disturbed low altitude wet evergreen forests and shola-grassland biome in the Western Ghats. Kudremukh represents one of the world’s major habitats and eco-systems and remains a signpost of tropical biological richness and thus declared as one of the 34 biological hotspots of the world. The undisturbed wet evergreen forests area of Kudremukh National Park holds one of the single largest contiguous populations of Lion Tailed Macaque(LTM) in India and world. Kudremukh National Park is a representative of tropical wet evergreen forest holding the assemblage of three top carnivores like Tiger, Leopard and wild dogs. Kudremukh is a living museum and a natural laboratory for research, education and training on biological diversity. Kudremukh is the fountainhead of major rivers like Tunga, Bhadra and Nethravathi rivers and catchment for many other minor rivers like Gurupura, Yenehole, Swarna and Seethanadhi, which provides livelihood to the people of Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh through agriculture.

Landscape

Kudremukh National Park is a magnificent landscape of least disturbed low altitude wet evergreen forests and shola-grassland biome in the Western Ghats.Kudremukh represents one of the world’s major habitats and eco-systems and remains a signpost of tropical biological richness and thus declared as one of the 34 biological hotspots of the world. The undisturbed wet evergreen forests area of Kudremukh National Park holds one of the single largest contiguous populations of LTM in India and world. Kudremukh National Park is a representative of tropical wet evergreen forest holding the assemblage of three top carnivores like Tiger, Leopard and wild dogs. Kudremukh is a living museum and a natural laboratory for research, education and training on biological diversity. Kudremukh is the fountainhead of major rivers like Tunga, Bhadra and Nethravathi rivers and catchment for many other minor rivers like Gurupura, Yenehole, Swarna and Seethanadhi, which provides livelihood to the people of Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh through agriculture. Kudremukh is a unique evergreen forest Shola-grassland eco-system performs many regulatory functions of the biosphere in terms of biogeochemical cycles. Kudremukh holds one of the highest standing biomass estimated at an average of 250-300 tons per ha and therefore acts as one of the great carbon sinks, a solution towards global warming & climate change phenomenon. Kudremukh National Park epitomise the conservartion attitude of the Indian government & their people. By closing mining activity of KIOCL (one of the profit making public sector unit), Kudremukh epitomise one of the successful conservation movement, depicting the political will of Karnataka government and Indian government towards conservation over the negative development. Humans are very little aware of the complexity and functioning of this eco-system. Kudremukh National Park is a place to return man to the eve of nature and make him realize that he just one species among millions and that he should continue to be so for his own well-being and survival in perpetuity. Kudremukh National Park forms critical link connecting protected area on the Northern & North-Western side (Someshwara, Mookambika, Sharavathi &Shettihalli wildlife sanctuaries and Bhadra tiger reserve) to the procted areas on the Southern side (Pushpagiri, Talacauvery, Brahmagiri wildlife sanctuaries and Nagarahole tiger reserve). Thus Kudremukh National Park became vital corridor connecting many protected areas of Karnataka and maintains gene flow of long ranging wild animals.

ESZ.

Draft notification was issued by MOEF & CC on 07-01-2016.Final Notification yet to be published.

VISITORS’S CORNER

Things to DoVIEW

Eco-tourism is gaining momentum in the Kudremukh National Park. The attractive landscapes and wildlife attracts a lot of trekkers. The tourists spots are well disposed and there is no concentration of tourists in one spot. There are three tourist zones around the three ranges i.e. Belthangady, Kudremukh and Kerekatte. The tourists zone is limited and is as follows. Tourism zone 1 . This zone lies between Bandaje falls, Navoor rest house, Bolle falls and Kadamagundi falls along the Netravathi River. Tourism zone 2 . This is spread around 2 kms on either side of State Highway 66 from Kudremukh town to S.K.Border. A number of places like lakya dam, mining site, Bhagavathi nature camp, Kadambi falls, Singsar-Ganapathikatte, Game path, Gangamoola, Nagateertha, Bhagawathi, Kadambi game path, Suthanabbi falls fall in this zone. This is one of the key areas for tourism in National Park. A lot of tourists and highway visitors do visit and enjoy the beauty of the park. Tourism 3 . This zone is spread around Kigga temple, Narasimhaparvatha Peak, Sirimane falls and Yalakkigudda peak, Being close to historical Sringeri Temple it attracts a number of visitors. The existing trekking paths are Kudremukh Peak, Valikunja and Kurinjal Peak are being visited by the tourists accompanied by our department staff as guide. There is a nature camp at Bhagavathi on the banks of river Bhadra with 10 tented accommodations, a dormitory and guest house & kitchen facilities. For children there are adventure games & rope ways, watch tower etc. Some animals like Bison & Deers are commonly sighted near the camp. Gangamoola- Gangamoola, or Varaha Parvatha, a mount with a height of 1458 m above sea level within the border of National Park close to Kudremukh Lakya Dam- A check dam across the Lakya, the tributary of Bhadra river, built by Kudremukh Iron Ore Company is the so called Lakya Dam having a height of 100 m. Kadambi Falls The Waterfalls is located just adjacent to the main road leading to Kudremukh Camping Site Kudremukh Peak, Bhagavathi Nature Camp, Kuringal Shed, Narasimha Parvatha Antipoaching Camp, Manikyabetta Kudremukh Peak Kudremukh peak, located as high as 1894 m above the sea level with forests covering the peak, is a perfect place for forest exploration. Apart from enjoying the crisp cool air and reveling in the natural beauty, there are many things to do in Kudremukh. For a nature lover and bird watcher the Kudremukh National Park is a heaven. The real experience lies in a trek to kudremukh peak.

How to reachVIEW

Kudremukh By Air- Bajpe Airport, Mangalore (IXE) -Domestic -109 km Hubli Airport (HBX) -Domestic -350 km Bengaluru International Airport (BLR) -International -350 km Kudremukh by Train - Nearest major Railway Station is Mangalore, and Udupi which is connected by rail to many cities in India Mangalore Junction (MAIN) - 120km Udupi - 80 km Kudremukh by Bus - National Highway 13 and State Highway 66 pass through the National Park strategically located, Kudremukh National Park is well connected by road. Good number of bus service are available from Mangalore, Udupi, Sringeri, Chikmangalore, Shimoga, Mysore and Bangalore. Chikmaglur- Aldur – Balehonnuru-Kalasa-Samse-Kudremukha -109 km Hassan – Beloor – Mudigere – Kottigehara – Kalasa – Kudremukh -140 km Mangalore – Karkala – Kudremukh -120 km Udupi – Karkala - Kudremukh -80 km

visiting-hoursVIEW

The monsoon at Kudremukh will be very strong makes less attractive for the visitors to visit the park during monsoon season Kudremukh National park is open to visitors for 9 months in a year and 6 hours per day

Fee-PermitsVIEW

Entry Fees- Children below 12 years (only from the school with the letter) – Rs.50 Children – Rs.100 Elders – Rs.200 Foreigners – Rs.1000 Dormitory (Capacity – 15)- Fees- Indians – Rs.75 Foreigners – 100 Vehicle parking charges Jeep/Car – Rs.40 per night LCV – Rs.60 per night Bus/truck- Rs.80 per night.

Bookings/ReservationsVIEW

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WeatherVIEW

Climate in the national park, the whole of which is of hilly terrain, is very agreeable and cool for most part of the year. Slight distinction can be made of generally hot weather conditions on the sea faring slopes where cold is hardly felt. Otherwise the park faces cold season first during the height of south-west monsoon and later during December and January. It is followed by hot weather during February, March and April. Pre-monsoon “blossom showers” accompanied by lightning and thunder are received from the middle of April till the end of May. The southwest monsoon lasts from June to September. The mountain ranges present to their west a surface almost perpendicular to the horizon and by their height intercept the clouds of the southwest monsoon. Extraordinary moisture during monsoon is not only favorable to the growth of the peculiar products of west coast, but also covers the face of the country with most luxuriant forests. Onset of the southwest monsoon is the time to see these mountains at their grandest. Rains set into motion innumerable number of gorgeous waterfalls that roar hither and disappear into the river. October and November are the post monsoon or retreating monsoon months with cloud cast skies. The park is always covered by haze during the brief interludes of rain in September

Internet/Mobile ConnectivityVIEW

Internet & Mobile connectivity is available in National Park.

FAQsVIEW

FAQ- What is the best season to visit Kudremukh National Park Answer - The monsoon at Kudremukh will be very strong makes less attractive for the visitors to visit the park during monsoon season

Dos and Dont's VIEW

do's

1. Always wear dark coloured, camouflaged and forest coloured dresses in the field. 2. Observe silence or speak at low voice during field visit. 3. Always obey the orders of field guides and other staffs of forest department. 4. Always walk inside the forest in groups 5. Use paper bags and other non-plastic items for carrying drinking water and other items. 6. Carry away all the waste and litters along with you, in your bags. 7. Dump all your garbage and litters only into the dustbins, so that they can be disposed-off properly. 8. Avoid any offerings to the wild animals. 9. In case temporary toilets are set up near campsites, after defecation, cover with mud or sand. Ensure that the spot is at least 30 meters from a water source. 10. When taking photographs, respect privacy ask for prior permission and use restraint. 11. Always respect the local traditions

dont’s

1. Do not collect any souvenir (leaves, flowers, seeds and insects etc.) from the National park area. 2. Do not use any pollutants such as detergent, in streams or springs. 3. Do not use wood as fuel to cook food at the camp site and 4. Do not destroy the forest wealth which is considered as our heritage. 5. Do not leave smoldering cigarettes or make open fires in the forests. 6. Do not consume alcohol, drugs or any other intoxicant. 7. Do not tempt the local children by offering them foodstuff or sweets. . 8. Do not listen to radios, tape recorders or any other electronic entertainment equipment at high volume.