Community reserves

Any private or community land not comprised within a national park, sanctuary or a conservation reserve where the community or an individual has volunteered to conserve wildlife and its habitat can be notified by the State Government as a community reserve under the provisions of the Section 36C of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. Management of a community reserve is done as per provisions of the Section 36D of the Act.

explore our Community Reserves

Location & Extent
Kokkare Bellur Community Reserve

Kokkare Bellur is one of the lesser known sites of Karnataka situated in Maddur taluk of Mandya district. This is the only known pelicanry of Karnataka. Though the bird habitat has not been declared as a bird sanctuary. It has attracted the attention of bird watchers, press and the visitors. Whatever little that has been known about the habitat, is from the new preliminary research articles (Nagulu & Rao 1982, Neginhal 1986, Sridhar 1992) and articles in some of the popular news papers and magazines. Every year Forest Department (Wildlife Wing) is paying incentives to the owners of the trees where the nesting activities exist. These trees are numbered and monitored by Range Forest Officer, Melukote Wildlife Range, Melukote. Kokkare Bellur is one of the oldest known Pelicanry in the country and this is probably the Pelicanry which Jardon (1864) visited in the late 19th century. Birds have known to be breeding here from times immemorial. This is a traditional nesting site of Spot billed Pelicans (Pelecanus Philippensis) and Painted Storks (Mycteria leucocephala). These have been protected by villagers themselves. Shooting of birds or collection of eggs in the village is strictly prohibited.

Location & Extent

The area of the Kokkare bellur Community Reserve is 772 Acre and 09 Guntus. by Section 36 (C) (1) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act1972 (53 of 1972), the State Government hereby declares the entire area of the Kokkare Bellur village as a Community Reserve vide Government notification No : FEE 218/FWL/2007 Dated: 14-9-2007.


Here the birds nest on trees growing amidst houses and backyards. The terrain is dry arid, and here much of the cultivated area is under the mercy of seasonal monsoon. A total of 70 tanks of different sizes that are present within a radius of 30 Kms from the village form the feeding grounds of the birds that nest at Kokkare Bellur. Shimsha River, a tributary of river Cauvery flows about a Km west of the village which also forms a part of feeding grounds. All the tanks are man made, created well over a century back by building a bund across a low lying area to impound monsoon run-off. As a consequence, these tanks have a definite seasonal cycle wherein, they get filled up during monsoon and invariably go dry before the end of summer (Subramanya, 1990). Due to this the population of wading birds predominate during January onwards while, the birds that forage in deep waters have a greater population prior to January. The tanks like Gollaradoddi, Thailoor are major tanks where waders enjoy frequently. Gollaradoddi Tank is hardly 1 Km from nesting trees. The village is surrounded by agricultural fields with finger millet, ground nut, tur, field bean, sugarcane and paddy (tank based) as the major crops in the area.


It falls within the dry region of Deccan plateau and the terrain is slightly undulating. The soil in the surrounding area is red sandy loam.




Things to DoVIEW

1. Drive vehicles at slow speed. 2. Use dustbins. 3. Plastic Free Zone. 4. Observe the instructions of Forest Officials and those contained in the information booklets and signage’s displayed. 5. Use biodegradable material

How to reachVIEW

By Road:- Kokkare Bellur is well connected and easily accessible by road. Located at a distance of 83 km from Bangalore, there is a branch road on the Bangalore-Mysore highway which leads to the village of Kokkare Bellur. By Train :- The closest railway stations through which one can reach Kokkare Bellur are the Maddur and Mandya railway stations. By Air:- While the nearest international airport is the Bangalore International Airport, the closest domestic airport is the airport in Mysore. Several buses and trains ply in between Mysore and Bangalore via Mandya daily.


This Community Reserve is Open to Tourism, The best time to watch the birds is in the early morning or evening. The best season to visit the village is between the months of December and January. It is during this period that migratory birds flock in huge number to reside in the village for a breading.


Not Applicable


This Conservation Reserve is not opened to Tourism through booking and reservation.


Rainfall: The area receives rain both from south west and north east monsoon. The south west monsoon commences from June with interruption and continues till September. North east monsoon brings rain during October and November. The mean annual rainfall is about 700-800 mm. Temperature: Kokkarebelluru Community Reserve has a moderate climate with 3 seasons. a) Summer - March to May. b) Monsoon - June to October. c) Winter - November to February. The temperature varies from 15º C to 30º C.

Internet/Mobile ConnectivityVIEW

This Sanctuary is within the mobile connectivity zone. For any enquires/complaints can be made through email Id



Dos and Dont's VIEW




1. Do not throw any packaging, plastic bottles, any other trash anywhere in the outdoors 2. AVOID making unnecessary and loud noise in nesting areas 3. DO NOT harass any wild-living creature 4. Don’t disturb birds , don’t throw pebble/stones, don’t run for photographs. 5. Pls. don’t do water pollution. polluted water is harmful to birds 6.Dont come with your pets (Dogs, Cat etc.) in this Reserve . 7. Don’t cut fruits, plants & flowers in sanctuary (Lotus & Water lillies)