Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve
Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve (ABCR) is the first bird conservation reserve in the North Karnataka or Kalyan Karnataka region. It was declared as a Conservation Reserve for the protection and conservation of resident and migratory aquatic birds, under section 36-A of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. It is a temporary water body (tank bed) spread over an area of about 244.04 acre with good number of Karijali trees (Acacia nilotica), serving as a breeding and roosting ground for the water birds. Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve (ABCR) is a success story of how a once dry tank was converted into hotspot for nesting birds through the conservation efforts of the Karnataka Forest Department.
Location & Extent
Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve was notified vide Govt. Notification No. FEE 04 FWL 2017 dated 31.01.2017. It is located on the banks of Tungabhadra dam back water area (about a Kilometer distance). It spreads over an extent of 244.04 acres (98.76 Ha or 0.988 Sq.Km) in Sy.No.203 of Ankasamudra Village of Hagaribommanahalli (HB Halli) Taluk, Ballari District.
Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve is an important Protected area and only bird conservation reserve of Dry zone (Northern Karnataka), which inhabits both native and migratory bird species. This area was declared as Bird conservation reserve mainly to give protection to about 200 species of birds, so as to help them multiply to optimum level & reduce the threats for their conservation.
The important birds visiting this CR includes Greater Flamingo, Painted Stork, Spotted Pelican, Comb Duck, Egrets, Cormorants, Ibis, Oriental Darter, Grebes, Spot-billed duck, and Whistling duck etc. Some birds are also coming from European countries during breeding season through migration and around 11 species of birds found here were listed in the IUCN Red List. Ankasamudra Bird conservation reserve area provides opportunity to protect and conserve the representative biodiversity of this landscape. Further, the Bird conservation reserve area provides huge scope for ensuring the water and livelihood security to the local people.
Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve, is located adjacent to the Tungabhadra dam back water area which is around 37,800 ha area that acts as a great attraction for the migratory birds. Since, it is a temporary lake/water body, the tank remains filled with water only when the Tungabhadra dam was full during monsoon season. During summer, this lake remains dry and recently, lift irrigation system was installed to pump the water from the Tungabhadra back water area. This Ankasamudra lake was surrounded by farming fields on one side and Tungabhadra backwater on other sides. Therefore, the entire landscape become one of the best habitast for both residents and migratory water birds.