The Ministry of Environment and Forests in 2004, in pursuance of the order of the Honble Supreme Court of India dated 30-10-2002, constituted the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) for the purpose of management of money collected towards compensatory afforestation (CA), net present value (NPV) and any other money recoverable from the user agencies for utilizing forest land for non-forest purposes under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980. The MOEF, Government of India in 2009 issued guidelines for operating the funds under the CAMPA. Works implemented under the CAMPA include, (a) raising of compensatory plantations, (b) project specific activities in and around the project area for which forest land has been diverted (fencing of safety zone, raising of plantation in safety zone, canal plantation, medicinal plantation, soil and moisture conservation works, supply of energy saving devices to the people living in fringe villages, etc.) and (c) activities for the utilization of NPV (forest consolidation, forest protection, regeneration in natural forests, wildlife protection and management, infrastructure development, etc.). The Government of India has given detailed guidelines to the state governments regarding management of works under CAMPA. These include constitution of State Government Body, State Steering Committee and State Executive Committee. The Governing Body under the Chairmanship of the Honble Chief Minister shall lay down the broad policy frame work for the functioning of the State level CAMPA and review its working from time to time. The State Steering Committee under the Chairmanship of the Chief Secretary to Government shall approve the Annual Plan of Operations (APO) and lay down the rules and procedures for the functioning of its Executive Committee and ensure interdepartmental co-ordination. The State Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests shall prepare the Annual Plan of Operations and oversee its implementation after its due approval.
Various activities being carried out by Karnataka Forest Department under the CAMPA include raising seedlings, raising plantations and maintenance of plantations under the Compensatory Afforestation (CA) component, site specific activities (as specified in forest diversion projects), consolidation of forest boundary, forest protection, forest conservation, forest regeneration, wildlife protection and management, infrastructure development, etc. under the component of utilization of Net Present Value (NPV).