The Wildlife wing of Karnataka Forest Department has two major functions: (a) It is responsible for the protection and management of the protected areas of the state which presently comprises of five (5) National Parks, thirty (30) Wildlife Sanctuaries, fifteen (15) Conservation Reserves and one (1) Community Reserve (b) It is responsible for protection and conservation of all wildlife listed in the Schedules of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 throughout the state (including animals found in non-forest areas). Management of the protected areas is done under a number of centrally sponsored and state sector schemes with various activities as indicated below: • Habitat improvement works including augmenting availability of fodder and water, providing rigid fire protection, vaccination to the domestic animals from surrounding villages • Protection through anti-poaching camps (APC) and patrolling • Eco-development activities in the surrounding areas in order to reduce biotic pressures on the protected areas • Reduction of man-animal conflict by taking up various forms of barricades and also providing corridor connectivity across wildlife habitats • Payment of ex-gratia for death and injuries to human, cattle kill, loss of crops, and loss of property due to wild animals • Education, Training and Research activities • Estimation of wildlife population (census) of ed species, such as tiger, elephant, panther, herbivores, etc. Some of the important schemes of the Wildlife wing are briefly described below: